Killed: Persons confirmed as dead and persons missing and presumed dead. Disaster: Situation or event, which overwhelms local capacity, necessitating a request to national or international level for external assistance; An unforeseen and often sudden event that causes great damage, destruction and human suffering. Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins. Wars and civil disturbances that destroy homelands and displace people are included among the causes of disasters. Other causes can be: building collapse, blizzard, drought, epidemic, earthquake, explosion, fire, flood, hazardous material or transportation incident (such as a chemical spill), hurricane, nuclear incident, tornado, or volcano. Extreme temperature: Disaster type term comprising the two disaster subsets "heat wave" and "cold wave" (Long lasting period with extremely high or low surface temperature).