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The average annual rate of change in the exchange rate of the national currency against the United States dollar for the period indicated. A positive value means that the national currency has weakened; a negative value indicates a stronger national currency. Rates of change over several years are calculated using the arithmetic growth model.

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Related Variables

Value added by sector: industry GDP by expenditure: Imports of goods and services GDP by activity: Transport, storage and communication Value added by sector: agriculture

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