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Definition
A disruptive natural event that overwhelms local capacities to restore order, necessitating in a request to national or international level for external assistance; an unforeseen and often sudden event that causes great damage, destruction and human suffering. Though often caused by nature, disasters also have human origins. Wars and civil disturbances that destroy homelands and displace people are included among causes of disasters. Other causes are structural collapse, blizzards, drought, epidemics, earthquakes, explosions, fire, flood, hazardous material or transportation incidents (such as a chemical spill), hurricanes, nuclear incidents, tornados, or volcanoes.

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Related Variables

Natural disasters - geophysical, total people affected, per 1,000 pop Natural disasters - meteorological, economic damages, million $ Industrial accident, Gas leak (total damage, millions) Complex disasters, economic damages, million 2005 $/yr

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