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Definition
Pre-tax consumer subsidies arise when the price charged to the consumer is less than the opportunity cost of supplying the energy. Expressed in USD Metadata: https://environmentlive.unep.org/indicator/index/12_c_1, https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/metadata/files/Metadata-12-0c-01.pdf

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Pre-tax subsidies (% of GDP, SDG 12.c.1) Energy consumption, agriculture/forestry (IEA) Energy intensity of primary energy, megajoules per constant 2011 PPP GDP (SDG 7.3.1) Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption, % (SDG 7.2.1)

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